India is known as the worlds largest democracy and its current Prime Minister (the country’s 13th) is Dr. Manmohan Singh, who has held the position since 22 May 2004; a member of the ruling Congress Party, he is also the first Sikh to reach the post, and at 79, one of the oldest people today to head a government. With an estimated population of 1.2 billion – the world’s second largest after China – the electorate alone was estimated at 714 million for the 2009 national election – more than the combined electorates of the USA and EU.
The country is a federal republic and has a parliament democracy. In addition, India is a multicultural society. In economic terms, it is the ninth largest in the world.India modeled its government on the British parliamentary system, with influences from the United States and the rest of Europe.
Democracy is a form of government in which all eligible citizens participate equally—either directly or through elected representatives—in the proposal, development, and creation of laws. It encompasses social, economic and cultural conditions that enable the free and equal practice of political self-determination.
In many countries, notably the United Kingdom which originated the Westminster system, the dominant principle is that of parliamentary sovereignty, while maintaining judicial independence. In the United States, separation of powers is often cited as a central attribute. In India, the worlds largest democracy, parliamentary supremacy is subject to a constitution which includes judicial review. Other uses of “democracy” include that of direct democracy. Though the term “democracy” is typically used in the context of a political state, the principles also are applicable to private organizations.
It has also been suggested that a basic feature of democracy is the capacity of all voters to participate freely and fully in the life of their society. With its emphasis on notions of social contract and the collective will of the all voters, democracy can also be characterized as a form of political collectivism because it is defined as a form of government in which all eligible citizens have an equal say in the decisions that affect their lives.