Mahabharata is the longest epic in the world. Mahabharata has more than 74,000 verses, long prose passages, and about 1.8 million words in total. Mahabharata was written by Ved Vyasa in Sanskrit. Its origin dates back to the late Vedic period and it probably reached its final form in the early Gupta period.
Mahabharata is the story of the Bharata Dyanasty. It includes aspects of Hindu mythology, stories of the gods and goddesses, and explanations of Hindu philosophy. One of the main aims of Mahabharata is to elucidate the four goals of life: dharma (duty), artha (wealth), kama (pleasure), and moksha (liberation). The narrative culminates in moksha, believed by Hindus to be the ultimate goal of human beings.
The core story of the work is that of a dynastic struggle for the throne of Hastinapura, the kingdom ruled by the Kuru clan. The two collateral branches of the family that participate in the struggle are the Kaurava and thePandava. Although the Kaurava is the senior branch of the family, Duryodhana, the eldest Kaurava, is younger than Yudhisthira, the eldest Pandava. Both Duryodhana and Yudhisthira claim to be first in line to inherit the throne.
The struggle culminates in the great battle of Kurukshetra, in which the Pandavas are ultimately victorious. The battle produces complex conflicts of kinship and friendship, instances of family loyalty and duty taking precedence over what is right, as well as the converse.
The Mahabharata -The longest epic in the world itself ends with the death of Krishna, and the subsequent end of his dynasty and ascent of the Pandava brothers to heaven. It also marks the beginning of the Hindu age of Kali Yuga, the fourth and final age of mankind, in which great values and noble ideas have crumbled, and man is heading towards the complete dissolution of right action, morality and virtue.