Peregrine Falcon is a very common bird and is found all around the world. The falcon can touch speeds up to 389 kmph making it the fastest bird in the world.
The Falcon (peregrine ) is famous for the speed which the bird can attain, the fastest bird in the world can reach over a mind boggling speed of 322 km/h (200 mph) The fastest flying animal in the world can reach such speed during its characteristic hunting stoop or high speed dives making it the Fastest member of the animal kingdom.
It has a bluish grey back, the falcon is small it is about the size of a crow,The underparts of the bird are bared white, it as a moustache and a black colored head. A sezually dimorahic bird, it is a Bird eating raptor, males are much smaller than females.
The peregrine falcon reaches the fastest speed more than any living thing on the earth by performing the stoop, The maneuver involves flying at great heights and then free falling down at speeds over 320 km/h or 243 mile/hr, The fastest bird in the world hit the pray(bird) on one wing thus injuring the pray and not injuring itself.The pressure created by free failing at such high speeds of 242 mile/hr can damage the falcons lungs, but small bony tubercles on a falcon’s nostrils guide the powerful airflow away from the nostrils, this enable the bird to breathe easily at such high speeds.
The Peregrine’s breeding range includes land regions from the Arctic tundra to the tropics. It can be found nearly everywhere on Earth, except extremepolar regions, very high mountains, and most tropical rainforests. This makes it the world’s most widespread raptor and one of the most widely found bird species. In fact, the only land-based bird species found over a larger geographic area is not always naturally occurring but one widely introduced by humans, the Rock Pigeon, which in turn now supports many Peregrine populations as a prey species.
The falcon has a third eyelid for flying at such high speeds and also to clear any dust hitting the eyes and also clearing the tears from their eyes while also maintaining vision. A study testing the flight physics of an “ideal falcon” found a theoretical speed limit at 400 km/h (250 mph) for low altitude flight and 625 km/h (390 mph) for high altitude flight.